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Learning disabilities: What are they and how to help infants when they have them?

Maria de Piña
6 min read
Learning disabilities: What are they and how to help infants when they have them?
Learning disabilities: What are they and how to help infants when they have them?

It is normal that not everyone learns at the same pace, but there is a standard that helps define when it is a normal situation and when it is a learning problem. Although it is true that this conflict affects children and adults, it mostly appears from childhood.

When learning problems are experienced, they tend to affect the development of infants in different areas of their lives. They must be treated in time to avoid future conflicts, so here we will teach you how to clearly identify them.

What do you mean by learning disabilities?

Learning disabilities: What are they and how to help infants when they have them?
What do you mean by learning disabilities?

Severe difficulty understanding and processing information to execute certain actions is known as a learning problem or disorder. This conflict prevents them from developing useful basic skills and putting them into practice.

On many occasions we find infants who find it very difficult to speak, read, move, write or reason logically. Their inability to perform these activities is not due to a matter of encouragement or interest, but because they fail to understand them.

Children with this problem often experience great frustration as they try hard but don't get the results they want, and it's not their fault. The learning disorder is often linked to other conflicts such as attention deficit.

Although this is not a chronic problem that affects physical health directly, it must be treated seriously, applying the necessary measures. A child who does not develop cognitive skills finds it very difficult to develop as he grows up.

Identify if your child suffers from learning problems

Slowness or confusion in developing and learning new skills is normal, but no or extremely slow progress is a red flag. These characteristics will help you identify if your child has learning problems.

glitches with language

It becomes noticeable when the infant finds it difficult to speak, read, analyze, calculate, they even find it difficult to identify sounds and associate them.

When their learning level is below their age, this indicates that there may be problems with their cognitive abilities.

Difficulty understanding and executing

Children with this problem find it difficult to understand and comply with the instructions given to them.

At the moment they listen, but they do not assimilate the order and end up ignoring what is asked of them, many teachers think that they are only disobedient, but in some cases it is not.

Motor coordination failures

On many occasions motor skills are very complicated, walking, running, maintaining balance and even holding objects becomes a challenge.

Any motor activity you do will require great concentration, which is not normal.

They have trouble remembering and misplace things easily

One of the most obvious signs is when the child cannot remember words that he heard or said a few moments ago.

His memory is very short, so he forgets easily, this also makes him lose all kinds of objects by placing them in places and forgetting them.

They reject learning

Their behavior tends to become hostile towards activities that are difficult for them, even making them not want to go to school.

This is not a purely rebellious act, this behavior is also driven by their frustration at not being able to complete the activities.

They don't understand time

For them there is no complete understanding in terms of schedules and established times, in their reasoning the concept of measuring the passing of hours is not clear. This is the reason that many do not want to return to their classrooms after the breaks.

What causes these kinds of problems?

Its appearance does not respond to a single factor, the most frequent causes that are linked to the appearance of this type of problem are the following:

Care in the neonatal and prenatal process

Both the development of the fetus and the care of the infant's first months can be a factor that influences the appearance of learning problems. The consumption of alcohol, drugs or a poor diet can contribute to a complicated pregnancy.


It has been shown that these cognitive disorders have genetic ties, making those who have relatives with a history of this type of problem have a higher risk of suffering from them.


Both physical and psychological trauma can trigger this type of conflict. On the one hand, a strong impact on the skull or suffering from a severe disease or infection in the nervous system can cause this type of problem.

On the other hand, if abuse, maltreatment or some other type of psychological damage is experienced during childhood, it is more than enough that this can lead to a failure in a child's learning cycle.

How to correctly treat a learning problem?

Learning disabilities: What are they and how to help infants when they have them?
How to treat the learning problem in children?

The first thing to do is not to speculate about the diagnosis, if you have any of the signs it is advisable to visit a specialist to confirm the existence of the problem. A misdiagnosis could severely affect the infant's self-esteem.

Upon being evaluated and determining the severity of the problem, some of the treatment options could be the following:

  • Out-of -school care: Normally, a teacher does not have all the tools or the time to dedicate to a single student with this condition. A one-on-one tutor can be hired to help you reinforce the skills you're lacking in.

  • Therapeutic help: There are therapies for all known ills and a child therapist can be of great help for the child to overcome learning problems.

  • School regulations : Teachers play a very important role and by involving them in the progress process of children with these problems, adaptations can be made that favor them, such as sitting next to the teacher so that they are more focused.

  • Medications: Many times this type of disorder is linked to attention deficit problems, anxiety and even depression. The medical evaluation will determine if any medications can help improve your learning ability.

To deal with learning problems requires a joint effort between parents, guardians and teachers. Always ensuring that the child maintains a positive attitude and avoiding that his peers or relatives judge or criticize him.

Be cautious and pay attention to the signs, this conflict should not be taken lightly, taking care of your learning is taking care of your future.