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The countries that recognize and ignore the re-election of Daniel Ortega
The elections of Sunday, November 7, have been in the world public opinion due to various irregularities that surrounded it
The recent general elections that took place on Sunday, November 7 in Nicaragua, where Daniel Ortega and his wife Rosario Murillo won the presidency and vice-presidency, respectively, hinted at the authoritarianism of the regime presided over by the Sandinista leader.
The results of the elections were rejected by the international community, but not because Ortega was reelected, but because of a series of irregularities that occurred before the start of the campaign.
The international community radically opposed Daniel Ortega's persecution of the main opposition leaders who were running as candidates, whom he ordered imprisoned for alleged treason, as well as the disqualification of three political parties adverse to their ideology.
The rejection of the countries of the world to the Nicaraguan elections, provoked the annoyance of Ortega, who this Monday attacked against the imprisoned political prisoners, whom he called: "sons of bitches of the Yankee imperialists."
Countries that do not know the elections
The first to ignore the "new government" of Nicaragua was Costa Rica, which in a statement released on social networks by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, indicated that there were not the conditions and guarantees required in democracy "to accredit the elections as transparent, credible, free, fair and inclusive ”.
Immediately, the United States joined the protest against the elections, calling them a pantomime, since a large number of opposition candidates were jailed.
The European Union on Monday also showed its rejection of the electoral process, arguing that the elections "complete the conversion of Nicaragua into an autocratic regime."
Spain, which is part of the European Union, through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, described the electoral process as a mockery against the people, as well as towards the international community and democracy.
Panama for its part called for democratic elections to be held in Nicaragua and for political prisoners to be released.
The president of Colombia, Iván Duque was critical when he pointed out that "what has been happening in Nicaragua generates many questions, questions and concerns about the solidity of democracy in that country."
Other countries that have spoken out against the electoral process in which Ortega won with an abstention of just over 80% have been Chile, Uruguay, Guatemala, Ecuador and Peru. The leaders of these nations have expressed through statements that a fair and transparent electoral process is necessary. Argentina advocated for dialogue and democratic coexistence.
Some experts have said that in addition to the rejection of the process and the ignorance of the electoral results, the European Union and the United States will probably impose sanctions on Nicaragua.
In fact, they affirm that in the absence of sanctions against Nicaragua, other governments of the so-called Northern Triangle of Central America could change the democratic rules to seek to perpetrate power.
Nations that recognize the elections and the Ortega government
As expected, Venezuela approved the Nicaraguan electoral process, and recognized Daniel Ortega as the reelected president.
Nicolás Maduro said that in Nicaragua there was “a great victory for the people,” while he sent congratulations to the country and showed his “admiration for Nicaragua that was always free,” while attacking Spain and the United States for not recognizing the elections.
The president of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel, also joined the celebration for the disputed elections, and assured that what took place on Sunday was a "demonstration of sovereignty and civility", and defended Ortega's position, accusing that what is being carried out is a "cruel media campaign" against the reelected government.
Bolivia highlighted the participation of the Nicaraguan people, and affirmed that they demonstrated their democratic vocation. While Russia, through the Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov, in addition to recognizing Ortega as re-elected president, called unacceptable the fact that the United States does not recognize the electoral results.
Those who have also recognized the elections of the Central American country have been the separatist regions of Georgia: Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Acceptance of the results is not free, since Nicaragua, in 2008, recognized the independence of these territories, occupied by Russian troops
Both Abkhazia and South Ossetia sent delegations to be part of the observer groups of the Nicaraguan electoral process.
Important numbers of the electoral process
The Supreme Electoral Council of Nicaragua (CSE), attributed the victory to Daniel Ortega after the scrutiny of 97% of the minutes. According to the electoral body, Ortega obtained 75.92% of the votes.
The CSE asserted that 65.23% of the more than 4.4 million voters called participated in the elections. However, the independent observatory Urnas Abiertas estimates abstention between 79% and 84%.
For this election day, Urnas Abiertas, which deployed at least 1,450 observers in Nicaraguan territory to monitor the electoral process, placed the turnout at close to 18% of voters.
In these elections, the Nicaraguan people elected the president, vice president, the 90 deputies of the National Assembly, and the 20 that go to the Central American Parliament.
Deputy Walter Espinoza, from the Constitutional Liberal Party, who aspired to the presidency reached 14.4% of the votes, followed by Guillermo Osorno, from the Nicaraguan Christian Way, who obtained 3.44%.
Marcelo Montiel, from the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 3.27%; Gerson Gutiérrez Gasparín, from the Alliance for the Republic (APRE), 2.20%, and Mauricio Ouebe, from the Independent Liberal Party, 1.70%.