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What to do after a bee sting?

Maria Fernanda
3 min read

A bee is an insect that can use its stinger quickly to sting an individual if it feels threatened. So what to do after a bee sting?

What to do after a bee sting? – Wellness and Health – WebMediums

In addition, they are animals that live in hives with thousands of their peers, which is why they are considered sociable, but when they run into a stranger they can use their stinger, sting you and cause an allergy.

At the same time, it is one of the bites that most frequently generates an inflammatory cascade that could be fatal.

Why can a bee sting you?

Bees can perceive different stimuli as threats, so they will not hesitate to defend themselves. In this sense, some behaviors are.

  • Various odors can disturb bees, such as the smell of carrots, animal secretions, among others.

  • Movements, this causes a disturbance in the members of the honeycomb.

  • Some bright and eye-catching colors.

On the other hand, there are situations that can decrease the defensive behavior of bees, such as changes in temperature or at night.

What to do when you get stung by a bee?

It all depends on whether the reaction to the sting was mild, moderate or severe.

It is important to note that you can perform some auxiliary measures, but the main thing is to bring the victim to a health center. Some measurements are.

  • Remove the stinger, as it is what contains the poison. You must be cautious, because if you squeeze it they can inoculate more poison.

  • To relieve inflammation you can apply ice.

What to do after a bee sting? – Wellness and Health – WebMediums
Bee sting

Of course, the health team will administer a series of drugs aimed at suppressing the elements that are causing the inflammation and the allergic response, some are.

  • Intravenous antihistamines

  • Endovenous steroids

  • If you have difficulty breathing, oxygen may be necessary

In the most severe cases, the treatment of choice is the administration of adrenaline.

Pathological mechanism of the bite

In the sting of the bee is the sac with the poisonous substance. Basically, the bee perches on the surface of the individual's skin and stings it, that is, it buries the stinger in the skin.

Next, the stinger is detached from the body of the bee, what happens is that the bee dies, because it suffered an evisceration.

Besides, the poison sac emerges a fragrance that is acidic, whose usefulness is to promote the attack of the rest of the bees.

Symptoms of a bee sting

The symptoms that a person who is stung by a bee can present are local and systemic.

Local lesions are limited to the site of the bite and do not trigger an allergic reaction, which means that there are no immunoglobulin E antibodies.

In the tissue what happens is that the skin becomes red, painful and itchy. These symptoms usually limit themselves after a few hours.

What to do after a bee sting? – Wellness and Health – WebMediums

However, if the bite was in a special area such as the face or near the throat, it can cause an obstruction of the upper airway and make it difficult for air to pass.

On the other hand, when the reaction is systemic it is because there was the sting of more than 50 bees approximately. Consequently, the body's exposure to the poison is greater. Thus, the person may have the following symptoms.

  • Headache

  • Hypotension

  • Vomiting

  • Seizures

It should be noted that in people who are already sensitized, this means that they have a history of bee sting, the reaction is mediated by immunoglobulin E.

In addition to this, the sting can generate an aggressive inflammatory response both locally and systemically.