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The most common diseases in school-age children

Remedies and protocols you can follow if your child breaks down

Pierla Salazar
5 min read

School age in children is that which is understood from three years of age, it is there where they are able to go to school and begin to share with other children at school.

Although socialization and promoting inclusion are very necessary, we cannot forget that there is a high viral load in classrooms.

Each child has a very different organism and many times they come to school with some discomfort with which they can infect another classmate.

The most common diseases in school-age children – Mothers And Babies

From handling contaminated toys, to sharing water, or just in the classroom or in the bathrooms, any space in the school can be a contagion agent.

These are the most common diseases in school-age children

There are many, but none of which to be afraid of, because with a good treatment, protocol and the best prevention, we can get ahead.

Among the most common diseases we find, earache, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, cavities, colds, pests such as (lice), some more serious such as pneumococcus, bacteria that cause damage to the intestinal flora.

We are going to list the most common, what are the symptoms and how we can treat them.

1. Ear pain

In this house, most of the causes are because the infant could have got water to the depths of his ears, dirty water or soap.

In general, earache is a bacterium that may have started in the throat, until it lodges in the ear, this pain will always be associated with a flu, cold or respiratory infection.

Possible causes for earache

Earache can appear when water enters your ears, or when you bathe, and even a trip to the pool or beach could have caused this pain, because the water remains stagnant in the ear causing bacteria.

The most common diseases in school-age children – Mothers And Babies

Another possible cause may be an infection in the throat or lungs which will cause an ear infection, this pain should be alleviated by a call or visit to the doctor.

How to prevent this pain?

If the pain or infection was caused by water ingress, it is advisable to buy plugs for swimming or aquatic outings.

It is good to keep children with vitamin C to avoid possible flu illnesses or infections that later lead to a deeper infection. At the time of bathing we must check that the water does not enter through your ears.

2. Bronchitis and acute bronchiolitis

Bronchitis or chest cold caused by inflammation of the bronchial tubes.

It occurs due to a cold and usually clears up on its own, with the help of treatment and supervision.

One of the characteristics of bronchitis is that the infant usually coughs a lot and forcefully, with a very thick and discolored mucus that some call phlegm.

It is a viral disease, which means that it is contracted by contact with someone infected or with an infected surface and that the child having it can infect others.

The most common diseases in school-age children – Mothers And Babies

For its part, bronchiolitis is the infection of the lungs, it is also a contagious condition that goes beyond the chest, ear or throat, reaches the lungs.

It is a bit more risky because the bronchioles in the lung become inflamed and congested.

Bronchiolitis can be determined by chest x-ray, and it usually strikes young infants more than school-age children.

What should I do if there is bronchitis?

If you have a lot of mucus in your airways, it is advisable to perform nasal washes with physiological solution.

If he has a fever, it is necessary to give him an antipyretic or some syrup for the fever prescribed by the pediatrician, in turn try to lower the temperature with cloths of water on his forehead.

The most common diseases in school-age children – Mothers And Babies

Keep the infant hydrated with drinks at room temperature, nothing cold because it can worsen the diagnosis.

Ask your pediatrician for an expectorant and antibiotic to treat the infection and attack the root mucus.

Treatment for this disease

With expectorants, anti-inflammatories, antipyretics, nasal washes with a solution, healthy nutrition, none that promotes the production of phlegm.

Vaporizations or nebulizations with treatments or eucalyptus to clear the airways and decongest the bronchial tubes.

At the same time avoiding cold climates that strengthen the cold and with an accord hydration and continuous rest until improving.

3. Colds

This is another viral infection that lodges in the nose and throat, during the year children can be victims of more than one cold and especially if they are surrounded by other children at school, because their protective walls have not yet fully developed, your immune system is still getting stronger.

The important thing is to prevent with methods of self-care and protection, washing hands, hydration, consumption of vitamin C and adding probiotics to the child's diet.

Why do colds develop?

The little one was very exposed to cold climates and then to heat or vice versa, many hours in places with air conditioning, sharing with someone else who had a cold.

Perhaps the child was not well wrapped in a cold moment, or got wet in the rain, places with strong odors or a lot of confinement without ventilation and with a lot of dust are conducive to allergies and colds.

The most common diseases in school-age children – Mothers And Babies

If you see the child with a constant runny nose, cough, sneezing, breakdown, lack of appetite, you may find yourself facing a cold.

With none of these diseases, which are mostly viral, you should worry, just go to your doctor and follow the steps that he will indicate.