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New anti-drug plans applied in the United States and Mexico
Mexico and the United States opened this Friday another stage in terms of security, focused on attacking the reasons of drug trafficking and illicit movement, after the disappointment of a tactical enemy of the medication sent 13 years earlier. The file has three objectives and 10 measures. Here are some keys to the program.
The new agreement, called the Bicentennial Understanding, replaces the previous one, known as the Mérida Initiative, a methodology that emerged in 2008 and slowed down for quite some time.
One part of the objectives: to decrease vileness, murders and arms trafficking, which implies combating the savagery of the drug cartels that work on the line.
What about this deal?
"The main contrast is that the Mérida Initiative, from Mexico's perspective, was focused on the proposal that the supervisors of the cartels had to be caught and that was enough. Today, what we have is a typical procedure that is more hallucinatory than that, "said Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard.
Therefore, the main idea is to address the underlying reasons for savagery.
For this reason, the US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, stated that beyond supporting the security forces, it was vital to produce monetary freedoms in the networks and underserved areas, with better welfare administrations and more freedoms for the youths.
The fight against drug use: In the 10 substantial activities considered by the union, the two legislatures demand to reinforce the general well-being, for which they propose to prevent and reduce the consumption of substances, in correspondence with the restriction of antics related to drug abuse compulsion.
This new methodology will be produced in 2022, when the 200 years of relations between the two nations are commemorated.
Why was the last deal gone?
In the initial Merida issue, Washington dispensed $3.3 billion in military aid and warnings. However, López Obrador claims that the agreement only triggered vices.
As of 2006, Mexico, with a population of 126 million, has accumulated more than 300,000 murders, generally attributed to coordinated actions, and almost 90,000 disappeared.
To clarify the distinctions with the Merida Initiative, the unknown Mexican cleric let the writers know that at this time "the achievement will not be estimated by the capture of a ruler of medication, however, because of the way in which there are fewer murders in Mexico and less drug use ".
Undoubtedly, the fall of great nobles such as Joaquín "El chapó" Guzmán has caused a significant fracture of cartels in numerous possessions that currently depend on a "more different criminal portfolio," as Insight Crime's investigative focus indicates.
Coordinated crime from now on not only exploits the more than 3,000 km of line to supply medicines to the world's largest customer, but is also associated with a wide range of violations, including illegal exploitation.
The most important
López Obrador, in power as of 2018, calls for an interest in the distress networks that are presented as culprits in Mexico and Central America, as well as a way to contain the development of the illicit transfer to the United States through his country.
A total of 652 Central American bystanders, including many minors traveling alone, were confined Thursday night in Tamaulipas, a state bordering the United States.
Interesting fact: Mexico retains 652 travelers on the US line; something like 355 are children.
"The main deal is to attack the underlying drivers" of illegal relocation, said Blinken, who advocated a protected, precise and accommodating stream with a territorial point of view.
US President Joe Biden is facing a relocation emergency that was exacerbated last month by the emergence of thousands of Haitians on the US — Mexico line.
Your neighbor has been put in place as a kind of divider to stem the tide.
More than 7,500 Haitians were expelled in less than three weeks by US specialists, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on Friday.
Mexico, in the meantime, has expelled some 54,000 travelers this year, according to the NGO Humans Rights Watch (HRW). "The intersection is dangerous and will not override the entrance, we are trying to ensure that individuals get that and ensure they are treated with respect," Blinken warned.
The secretary highlighted Washington's proposal to put $4 billion in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, and in southern Mexico.