Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism
The symptoms of hypothyroidism they usually include fatigue, weakness, dry and flaky skin and another series of signs, which should be reviewed by the doctor to find a diagnosis and treat this condition.
Hypocalcemia as it is also called is a rare disease, which can cause serious complications such as seizures.
What is hypoparathyroidism?
When you talk about hypocalcemia, we speak of an endocrine disease where an imbalance in the thyroid glands is generated.
Basically, we are talking about a condition where the person suffering from it has a low production of the parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Recall that this hormone is responsible for balancing calcium and phosphorus levels, so when an alteration occurs. Calcium levels in the blood lower and increase in the bones, while the blood phosphorus also increases.
Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism
Among the symptoms of hypocalcemia, we have.
Hair loss. Muscle pains. Dry and flaky skin. Depression and anxiety. Leg cramps. Fasciculations or muscle spasms. Tingling and burning in the lips and fingers and toes.
It is important to consult the doctor, when feeling any of the symptoms mentioned above. At the same time if an episode of seizures or there is difficulty breathing you should see a doctor immediately.
Causes of hypocalcemia
This disease arises when the parathyroid glands stop secreting enough parathyroid hormone. The risk factors that can trigger this condition are;
Cancer treatment Autoimmune diseases Having low levels of magnesium in the blood. Accidental damage or removal of the parathyroid glands during surgery. Born without parathyroid glands or not working (In this case it is considered hereditary).
As part of the symptoms we must include neck surgeries and be patients with hypoparathyroidism. At the same time some autoimmune disorders or endocrine.
Complications of hypocalcemia
The symptoms mentioned above are some complications that may occur, among which the following are described; dry skin, abdominal pain, dry hair, tingling in limbs among others.
Then there are the most serious complications such as seizures, waterfalls, decreased state of consciousness and in some case's dementia.
Other complications that may develop due to this condition are.
Major epilepsy Malformations in the teeth. Impaired renal function. Calcium deposits in the brain. Arrhythmias, fainting or heart failure. Delayed growth and slow mental development in children. Paraesthesia; Having a tingling sensation in the lips, tongue, fingers and toes. Tetany; Spasms in the fingers that can be very annoying and painful. Which can occur in the throat, affecting breathing.
Treatment and Prevention of hypoparathyroidism
The treatment for hypoparathyroidism is the consumption of calcium and phosphorus supplements they help keep these mineral levels balanced.
It should be noted that it is in most cases that these supplements should be taken throughout life.
Unfortunately there is no way to prevent this condition, what can be taken into account is the risk of having a thyroid or neck surgery. It is important to ask the doctor about the risks that can be taken when performing such surgery.
In case of undergoing surgery, we must be alert to the symptoms and signs mentioned above.