Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: Symptoms and treatment. The disease purple idiopathic thrombocytopenia is a condition where they occur bruising and bleeding. This problem can be present in both children and adults.
It is a disease of autoimmune origin, where a certain patient has low platelet levels. This makes it more susceptible to hemorrhages.
What is idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura?
It is the platelet destruction of the immune system, that is, it is a hemorrhage disorder. That in children does not have much incidence, but in adults it is different.
It is a viral disorder that, if it occurs in children, they can recover without major problems. But when it attacks adults it is very different, since it affects them in the long term. In addition, there is a risk that it will become a chronic disease.
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In case of not having signs of bleeding and a low platelet count, treatment may not be necessary. However, if the latter is too low, it may occur internal bleeding. Fortunately there are treatment options.
Causes of idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura
This can occur because the immune system mistakenly attacks the platelets destroying them.
Although in many children this problem is due to a viral disease (papera, influence, etc.). Among the risk factors for this disease we have:
Being a woman, since, these are more likely to suffer from this condition.
Recent viral infections such as mumps, measles, etc. They can cause this condition especially in children.
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Symptoms of immune thrombocytopenia
Among the symptoms that can occur we have:
· Cardinals: occurs frequently and in excess without having suffered a blow. It usually appears with a purple color.
· Petechia: It is the bleeding that appears on the surface of the skin in the form of a rash.
· Bleeding: it can be in the gums and nose, without there being any kind of problem in the fine vessels that cause it. At the same time it can appear in the urine and feces, in these cases we must first rule out some urine infection or colon problems.
· Dense menstrual flow: although sometimes the menstrual flow can be dense. If this often happens or is the first time we should perform a medical analysis.
If one or several of these symptoms occur, it is best to go directly to the doctor. The degree of emergence increases if there is bleeding.
Treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura
In the case of children, a follow-up should be carried out, since, as we indicated earlier, it is in children, it does not cause major problems. We only need to follow the infant.
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If it is an adult, things change. Yes, you must undergo treatments such as the following:
Medicines: Among those that can be prescribed we have inhibitors of the immune system. Which increase the number of platelets.
Injections: If there is critical bleeding the specialist should proceed to apply immunoglobulin injections. This is done in order to increase the amount of red blood cells.
Transfusions: Applying transfusions of platelet concentrates is used only as an emergency measure. That is, when it is a much larger bleeding than the previous one.
Complications of immune thrombocytopenia: In very few cases, immune thrombocytopenia causes bleeding in the brain.
If you are pregnant this disease does not present a problem for the baby, but it is recommended to make a platelet count after the birth.
It is important to note that if bleeding is frequent and occurs during pregnancy the risk of suffering bleeding in childbirth increases.