Medications for muscle pain
Muscle pain (myalgia) occurs when muscle fibers are inflamed product of muscular injury or muscular tension. It occurs when the muscle contracts for a period of time, it may be due to physical training or due to stress.
When muscle pain starts, how do we treat it?
At the time of starting muscle pain or myalgia we can apply heat, perform gentle stretching of the muscles that present pain and take some medication.
Now, if the pain persists for more than 7 days, it is advisable to go to a specialist doctor to determine the root of the same with a specific study in addition to X-rays to rule out any other pathology that is the one that causes muscle pain.
types of muscle pain or myalgia?
• Acute muscle pain
It is when you suffer a muscle injury, the most indicated in these cases is rest. In addition, you can apply cold on the affected area. In case you practice any physical activity it is advisable to suspend it for a few days, then gradually resume as long as there is no pain.
In case of muscle pull, the resting time is 15 to 20 days of rest, in case of muscle tear would be three months.
• Chronic muscle pain
It is usually derived from muscular tensions, it is possible to relieve it with heat applications, using the sauna can help a lot (if you do not suffer from another disease that prevents it).
Hot baths (with a jet of water on the pain point for 10 to 15 minutes). Apply heat with reflector lamps. Heat wraps (with mud, paraffin or mud).
Apply hot and damp compresses, electric pads. Heat poultices. Heat patches
what are the recommended medications to relieve muscle pain?
• Muscle relaxants: they work through the brain and the spinal cord. The most common are: Diazepam, Cyclobenzaprine Carisoprodol and Metocarbamol
• Anti-inflammatories: Ibuprofen, Nimesulide or Naproxen
• Analgesics: paracetamol or Dipyrone.
• Antidepressants: some doctors recommend low doses in people with chronic low back pain. The recommended ones are: Desipramine, Amitriptyline, Imipramine, Duloxetine and Nortriptyline
• Over-the-counter pain relievers These are medicines that we can buy without a prescription, as is the case of paracetamol, these drugs have few side effects.
• Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs): NSAIDs help reduce inflammation and decrease pain. You can buy some NSAIDs such as naproxen and ibuprofen, without a prescription.
• Narcotic analgesics: Also known as "opioid analgesics" they are prescribed only for intense pain that can not be alleviated with other types of analgesics.
They are fast acting and should not be consumed for more than one month, unless indicated by the attending physician. These work directly in the brain, blocking the pain sensation and employees without excess and under medical supervision can be effective to eliminate or reduce pain.
The most used are: Hydrocodone, Codeine, Morphine, Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydromorphone and Fentanyl (patch).
Care when using medication for pain
• Do not drive or operate heavy machinery while taking muscle relaxants because these medications cause drowsiness and impaired judgment.
• Do not consume alcoholic beverages.
• Side effects of the most common muscle relaxants are: nausea, drowsiness, vomiting and confusion.
• Check with your doctor the consumption of these medications because they can generate addiction.