Plantar fasciitis is a disease that is formed as a result of the degenerative inflammation of the plantar fascia.. The disease occurs with pain in the heel that increases with pressure on the foot.
Fasciitis also occurs as a result of soft tissue deterioration and bone growth. Most people to this disease call you "calcaneus stem"
But that name is not reliable, because bone growth occurs as a result of the disease.
Causes of plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis can occur as a result of a prolonged and severe load of the tendons. In general, this disease affects people of middle and old age.
Weight lifters, dancers and athletes often also present with fasciitis due to variable and forced weight loads.
Main problems that cause plantar fasciitis:
• strong and long effort in the legs
When the shoes jump away, the position of the foot takes a wrong position, also called pronation, that is, it stops when you walk inward.
• tight shoes and high heels
This also produces osteochondrosis in the spine, and problems with insufficient blood flow to the legs, as a result of the cancellation of atherosclerosis.
• high arch and flat feet
They are also considered dangerous factors, they produce inflammatory and degenerative diseases (arthrosis and arthritis). In an environment of age-related changes, a thinning of the adipose tissue layer of the heel area may occur.
Gout and diabetes mellitus weaken the layer of tissue in the heel, which creates the appearance of the disease.
Factors that influence the development of plantar fasciitis:
These factors can influence the development of fasciitis, so they also need to closely observe and correct any errors.
The first factor is uncomfortable and tight footwear, so it is better to wear athletic shoes or a soft insole.
Symptoms of plantar fasciitis
The most common symptom of the disease is acute pain in the heel, which usually occurs when walking. This disease has a characteristic aspect, which is pain in the first steps, which occurs at the time of rising.
This fact seems to be due to the fact that at night, during prolonged rest, the stretching exercises of the ligaments begin to heal, and when the person begins to walk, the tendons stretch again and cause pain.
Pain can also occur after a long duration in a position, after a particular physical effort, and in the practice of active sports.
According to the patients' stories, the pain in fasciitis is similar in the sensation to the pain when penetrating the foot with a punch. when the disease develops, acute pain may occur. As a rule, pain sensations appear only in the heel plant. But in some cases, the back surface of the bone can also start to hurt.
If the fascitis is in an unattended form, without the proper care it takes, a person can stop walking altogether, since it is very difficult to walk without stepping on the heel. This can cause other diseases related to the toes and the outside of the feet.
Diagnosis and treatment of plantar fasciitis
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned previously, you should consult your doctor immediately.
In turn, you should examine your leg and do an X-ray exam, after which the doctor can determine with precision the severity of the disease and prescribe an appropriate treatment.
While the test is being done, the doctor examines the heel for inflammation and pain points. but the results of the plates will show the growth of the calcaneus.
Sometimes, with symptoms of fasciitis, patients do not know which specialist to turn to, this disease is treated by orthopedists and orthopedists, but if the clinic or hospital closest to your home does not have this specialist, you can ask a surgeon for help.