What is Quervain's disease?
The quervain disease also known as radial styloid tenosynovitis syndrome, tendons on the wrist on the side of the thumb, are strings that the muscle uses to pull the bone, these can be observed as you stretch the fingers.
Quervain is caused by thickening of the soft tissues, the circulation of the hand causes pain when trying to twist with force.
Significantly harms women with greater continuity, repetitive activity on the hand or wrist causes trauma.
The swelling causes the tissues to also swell, causing pressure on the nerves, which causes a lot of pain. Tendinitis is one of the most common injuries and, every day, it will be more.
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While the muscular work, a tendon must move on top of other structures that the muscle contracts. If a repetitive movement is made, the tendon becomes irritated and inflamed, this happens on the side of the radius bone, creating a visible and painful nodule.
Causes of Quervain's disease
The excess movement of the wrist is associated with the syndrome or quervain disease, the tendons are similar to strings that join the muscles of the bones, when you grip, squeeze or twist something, the tendons of the wrist glide fluidly.
One of the causes of the illness of quervain is the constant use of the mouse or the keyboard, microtrauma occurs in daily life on the external area of the wrist. The activities of daily life for which it is essential to use the thumb and wrist can cause this problem.
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This disease can be suffered by any person at any age. These pains are also very common in women with babies to lift, and stretch without noticing the strings of the thumbs.
Symptoms of Quervain's disease
- Swelling of the wrist
- Difficulty moving the wrist and thumb
- Sensation of needles
- A lot of pain with the movements of the wrist or thumb
- Numbness of the thumb and index finger
People who suffer from this disease often hear a sound like crunching, when making movements to the wrist. If the condition remains, the pain can be further enlarged, making movements in the wrist and the thumb worsens the pain.
Treatment of the disease
The treatment is to decrease pain and swelling in the thumb and wrist and restore normal functioning. We will seek to lower the inflammation of the tendon by immobilization with a thumb splint which you should use for 4 weeks, you can also do the following.
- Apply ice or heat to the affected area
- Take an anti-inflammatory, it can be ibuprofen
- Avoid activities that cause pain
- Avoid repetitive movements that cause swelling
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The vast majority of people with this syndrome can see improvement after 4 weeks of treatment, they can use their hands and wrists again because the swelling has dispersed.
A therapist can teach you how to perform wrist movements to decrease and relieve pain and swelling.