How to administer medications via otic?
When it comes to fighting infections and diseases in the ear, the best option to choose is the administration of medicines via otic.
Otic medicine administration
The term otic drug administration refers to the application of drugs in the external auditory canal.
Many of the medications used in this way come in the form of drops and have therapeutic purposes. However there are cases where they come in the form of ointment, therefore its application is topical on the affected area.
The administration of these medications is thanks to the auditory canal that is part of the external ear. This has the function of collecting environmental sound waves, it is by this small tube where waves or sounds travel to the middle ear to reach the eardrum. Remember to read about how to treat barley in the eye?
Then other processes occur where the sound information is sent to the brain so that it can interpret it.
Among the most prominent drugs are antibiotics, antifungals, analgesics and drugs that soften earwax.
Diseases that require otic administration
Some diseases that need this type of drugs are:
Otitis: This is an ear infection which is divided into two otitis media, which presents symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, severe pain, fever, diarrhea and other internal otitis, in this case there is redness, pain, itching and discharge of bad odor.
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Dermatitis: this condition can cause symptoms such as; redness, peeling, mild discomfort or fissures.
Depending on the type of disease, the specialist must check whether the drug compounds are effective. In the same way, the expiration date.
Types of drugs for administration via otic
Depending on the type of characteristics that the medicine presents, we distinguish two types:
Drops: This class of drugs should be applied in patients who have not developed perforation of the eardrum. Drops are the drugs most used by administration via ear.
Ointment: for your application you can use a swab in the external ear to calm the patient's symptoms.
Depending on the medication, the specialist will inform both patients and relatives of the method to be followed and the possible side effects. In addition to the aforementioned, it will be necessary to give prior consent to the treatment.
how to administer medications via otic?
The steps to follow when administering this type of medication are the following:
Hygiene and material preparation
Both maintaining hygiene and preparing the material that will be used for the technique is essential. The first thing to do is to place the patient with a dorsal ulna with his head on his side.
In the same way the area should be cleaned and even more if there are secretions or cerumen. In case the ear is wet it should be dried gently to avoid hurting it.
Align the ear canal
This is achieved by moving the auditory paw up and back, if it is a child it must be done down and back. Apply the amount of drops recommended by the specialist and perform a short massage.
In the same way you must press gently for a few seconds in this way we make sure that the drug reaches its destination. It is important to know about Tips to take care of your eyelids
Keep lying down
When the corresponding drops are applied, you should remain lying down for 10 or 15 minutes in this way so that the medication does not come out, making sure that it goes down the ear canal.
Evaluate the patient's condition
Once all the procedures listed above have been carried out, the patient is evaluated and the treatment is effective.
Similarly, a series of recommendations for the period of treatment by the specialist will be given. By last, How to prevent discomfort in the eyes